Page 7 - ResearchKnowitAll

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In addition to knowing how to search, you should be familiar with many different kinds of resources.
Don’t rely on just one type of resource for all your information. One of the real values of academic
databases is that they provide access to different kinds of resources—all in one package. Your teacher
may require that you use a newspaper, magazine, encyclopedia, or book. All of those can be found in
a database as well as in print at your school or public library. Practice using the different databases
your school has so you know how they differ and what their strengths and weaknesses might be. Make
sure you know which academic databases your school has and how to access them.
Different types of resources to look for in your school or public library:
Magazines
,
newspapers
, and
journals
can be published daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly and annually.
They can be general or specific to one subject. For example, if your research topic is in the field of
science, you will want to look for one of these that specializes in science. Ask your teacher or school
librarian for help finding these.
Encyclopedias
can be general, such as World Book and Encyclopedia Britannica, or they can be
specialized, such as The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Look around the reference section in your
school or public library and see how many different kinds of encyclopedias you can find.
Books
can also be general or more specialized. For example you can find biographical information in a
single biography, collected biography (biographies of more than one person), or within a book that talks
about the era in which the person lives/lived.
Primary Source Documents
are eyewitness accounts of events or original documents, such as the U.S.
Constitution, photos and diaries.
In addition to knowing the types of resources that are available, know how to properly use each one.
Books
do not have search boxes, but they will usually have an index in the back of the book and a
table of contents in the front. These are the book search tools that make it easy to find a specific bit of
information.
Newspapers
are usually broken down into different sections such as the front
page, which includes international news; metro, which includes
local news; business; sports; and entertainment.
Magazines
and journals will have a
table of contents at the
beginning.
KnowYour Resources!
Your school library may
provide access to ebooks,
online encyclopedias, online
newspapers and magazines.
Check with your school
librarian or teacher to find
out what’s available.