Page 10 - ResearchKnowitAll

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The goal of your research paper is to write about your topic in your own words
so that you learn new things. It is so easy to copy and paste information from
a database or the World Wide Web. Students sometimes take this unfortunate
shortcut and commit plagiarism. Plagiarism is when you copy information
directly from your resource without giving credit to the original author and make
it seem like their ideas are your own. To create a good research project and
avoid plagiarism, you will need to support what you are saying with information
from experts. There are three ways to do this and each requires you to give credit to
the original source or author.
Direct Quotation
A direct quotation is when you use the exact words from the source you are using. When using a
direct quotation, use quotation marks – “ ”. After the quotation, you give a quick reference to the
source in the form of the author’s last name or the first word in the article title (excluding an, or,
the) and a page number if there is one.
Example:
“This is a direct quote from my source. I have typed it word-for-word as it was written.”
(Author 5)
Paraphrase
Paraphrasing means that you put the author’s words into your own words without using any of
the author’s exact words or synonyms. You still need to give credit to the original source since
you are restating the author’s original idea.
Example:
I am putting the author’s words into my own, but the idea is not mine.
(Author 5)
Summary
Summarizing means taking multiple ideas from the original source and putting them into your
own words.
Example:
This is the first idea I’m putting into my own words. This is the second idea, and so forth.
(Author 5-6)
Now that you understand quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, you are ready to learn about
taking notes. Understanding all these things before you start your research will help you avoid
plagiarism and help you keep your information organized.
Quoting, Paraphrasing, and
Summarizing